South Africa and the ICI
The International Climate Initiative (ICI), funded by Germany's Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), has been financing climate protection projects worldwide since 2008. Themed “One World. One International Climate Initiative”, its main focus is on providing financial support for international projects in climate change mitigation, adaptation and biodiversity with climate relevance in developing and newly industrialising countries. One of these countries is South Africa.
Below is a short summary of the projects that have been initiated in South Africa thus far.
Enlarge image (© picture-alliance/dpa) Several projects have been implemented over the last few years. The “Programme of Activities (PoA) Stimulus Facility” has been in place since October 2009 and shall be completed by December 2013. PoA acts as a pilot project for potential new certification instruments in a post-2010 climate system. The project will promote the installation of solar water heating in South African households. The BMU provides approximately 3 million Euro for this project, which is being implemented by KfW, Germany's development bank.
Since November 2009, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ) programme “Developing Climate Policy Capacity within the South African Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA)” supports the ministry in building capacity in the climate policy sector, in the climate policy-making process, as well as its implementation. This includes cooperation in the preparation of international, national and provincial climate conferences, emission reduction analysis, sectoral policy implementation and adaptation measures. It is expected that the project will be completed by 2013. Total German funding for this project amounts to over 4.17 million Euro.
Another ongoing initiative is the project “Switching Supermarkets from Halogenated to Natural Refrigerants”, also implemented by the GIZ. The project aims to convert air-conditioning systems in two supermarkets from fluorinated refrigerants to a more climate-friendly refrigerant technology, thereby establishing a best-practice model. The Project has been running since December 2008 and will likely be finalised by the end of 2011. The BMU supports this project approximately 1.7 million Euro.
Additionally, a total budget of approximately 50 million Euro has been earmarked for a “Credit Programme for Climate Protection in Municipalities”, which is to be channelled through the Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA). The purpose of this project, which is currently underway, is to promote energy efficiency measures and renewable energy use in local South African municipalities.
Enlarge image Devil's Claw as found in nature (© picture-alliance/dpa) One successfully completed project in 2011 was the “Protection of Wetlands in the Cape Floristic Region”. In order to achieve its goals, the project established management structures for the Nuwejaars River Reserve Special Management Area (SMA). The implementation of an integrated fire management strategy was a key requirement for the project, as was the primary implementation mechanism of the SMA initiative as a whole. Protection of these wetlands is important to preserving protected species, conserving biodiversity and preventing wildfires. This will enable the region to retain carbon storage capacity.
Another project. the “Basic Energy and Climate Change Adaptation Programme“ (BECCAP), aimed at reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases from private households and small businesses through the development, identification and dissemination of energy-efficient technologies and methods. It reached its goal by implementing a Carbon Business Facility. In this way businesses can reduce their impact on the environment by investing in alternative energy sources and green manufacturing methods. The implementing organisation for BECCAP, which had total project funding of almost 2 million Euro, was the GIZ.
In general, the KfW development bank and GIZ play a key role in identifying and implementing projects. There is a two-step procedure for selecting them: in the first stage, project outlines submitted by applicants are evaluated followed by a formal funding application that is reviewed by the BMU. Selected projects are then approved for funding, with implementing agencies contracted to carry out project development and execution. The BMU encourages a constructive competition amongst applicants, so as to encourage project proposals with innovative, ambitious approaches.