South Africa and the ICI
The International Climate Initiative (ICI), funded by Germany's Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), began financing climate protection projects in 2008. Themed “One World. One International Climate Initiative”, its main focus is on providing financial support for international projects in climate change mitigation, adaptation and biodiversity projects with climate relevance in developing and new industrialising countries. One of these countries is South Africa.
Below is a short summary of the the projects that have been initiated in South Africa thus far.
Enlarge image (© picture-alliance/dpa) Several projects have been implemented over the last few years. The “Programme of Activities (PoA) Stimulus Facility” has been in place since 2010 and is a pilot project for carbon dioxine certifications. Additionally, the GIZ’s programme “Developing Climate Policy Capacity within the South African Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism” supports the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (DEA) in developing political capacities and their implementation. This also includes cooperation in preparing international climate conferences. It has been complemented by a project that implements a Monitoring-Reporting-Verification-system (MRV-system). Another successful initiative is the transition from halogenated to natural refrigerants in supermarkets. Some of South Africa’s supermarkets already use climate-friendly refrigerants.
Successfully completed projects for example are “Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Large Cities”, the “Assessment of Solar and Wind Energy Resources” and the “Protection of wetlands in the Cape region”. Also the “Basic Energy and Climate Change Adaptation Programme“ (BECCAP) to reduce greenhouse gasses reached its goal by implementing a Carbon Business Facility.
In general, the KfW banking group and GIZ (Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH) play a key role in identifying and implementing projects. There is a two step procedure for selecting them: in the first stage, project outlines submitted by applicants are evaluated. The following step is a formal funding application that is reviewed by the BMU.