Agriculture in Germany

The German farming industry is a modern economic sector which, at the same time, is aware of its traditions.

Traktor Enlarge image (© picture alliance) Around one million people, working in approximately 285,000 agricultural enterprises, produce more than 50 billion Euros’ worth of goods a year.

Germany’s agricultural sector is among the four largest producers in the European Union. No other country in Europe produces more milk, grows more potatoes or produces more pork. Just over half of our arable land is dedicated to growing cereals alongside other crops such as maize, rape, sunflowers and sugar beet. Apart from cattle, pigs and chickens, livestock farming also includes turkeys, sheep and other farm animals. Fruits, vegetables and wine are produced in regions that enjoy particularly favourable climate and soil conditions.

Committed farmers produce healthy, diverse foods and manage a rich cultivated landscape between dykes and the Alps, between the Hohes Venn and Oderbruch (Oder swamp).In the face of a growing global population and the limited sources of fossil fuels, food supply and energy recovery from renewable resources take on increasing importance.

Furthermore, the farming industry provides additional services for society, nature and the environment. Nonetheless, liberalisation and technical progress exert considerable pressure on the farming industry. It must constantly adapt to changing framework conditions and, in this way, secure jobs and value-added in rural areas.

Land pattern

Understanding Farming in Germany

How important is farming to Germany? What is farming like today? What work do farmers do? What do farmers produce?

Organic tomatoes in a famer's hands

More than one million hectares of organic farmland in Germany

The organic farming sector continued to strengthen its position in 2014. Data analysed has shown that the German organic farming sector was able to continue strengthening its position in the German agricultural and food industry. "We are heading in the right direction," said German Agricultural Minister Christian Schmidt.

German shrimp cutter

Aquatic genetic resources

The aquatic genetic resources comprise all water-dwelling genetic resources. Within the scope of this technical programme, the aquatic genetic resources are first confined to fish, cyclostomes, mussels and decapods as well as their spawning and larval stages. The following document includes for instance the structure of german fisheries sector, the importance, vulnerability and use of aquatic genetic resources and the current conservation and support schemes.

Agriculture in Germany

Agriculture in Germany

Tradition – Innovation – a Devotion to Detail

Quality made in Germany

Germany stands for a modern, productive and at the same time sustainable agri-food industry which meets the high quality standards that apply in all sectors. These quality standards guarantee that all exports are of top quality.  The film on "Quality made in Germany" shows why. In approximately three minutes, the film shows the wide range of products offered by the German agri-food industry – in the fields of seed and planting stock, animal genetics, agricultural machinery, raw materials (cultivation and production), and semi-finished and finished products.

German Wines - Leading the Field Again Worldwide

Weinberg in Volkach

Germany’s winegrowing regions are among the most northerly in the world. That is what makes German wines so distinctive: the grapes enjoy long periods of growth in moderate summer heat, which gives the wines their renowned lightness and fruity aroma. Except for two regions in eastern Germany, all the country’s winegrowing areas are in the south and south-west, where they are subject to the mild Gulf Stream climate from the west and the dry continental climate from the east.

German forests

German forest

One third of Germany covered with forests. Germany ranks among the densely wooded countries in Europe. Around 11 million hectares corresponding to one third of the national territory are covered with forests. In regional terms, the proportion of woodland cover varies widely, ranging from 10 percent in Schleswig-Holstein to over 40 percent in Rhineland-Palatinate and Hesse, the most thickly wooded Länder (federal states).